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Table 3 Association between diabetes mellitus (DM) and antibody titers to human herpes virus (HHV6) and epstein-barr virus (EBV)

From: Association of cytomegalovirus and other pathogens with frailty and diabetes mellitus, but not with cardiovascular disease and mortality in psycho-geriatric patients; a prospective cohort study

Test result N DM + DM – RR ratio (95% CI)
   (n = 59) (n = 236)  
HHV6     
• HHV6 titer: <1.1 103 14 (23.7%) 89 (37.7%)  
• HHV6 titer: 1.1-2.3 144 27 (45.8%) 117 (49.6%) 1.38 (0.74-2.66)
• HHV6 titer: >2.3 48 18 (30.5%) 30 (12.7%) 2.76 (1.42-5.36)
EBV     
• EBV titer: 0–200 U/ml 144 21 (35.6%) 123 (52.1%)  
• EBV titer: ≥200 U/ml 151 38 (64.4%) 113 (47.9%) 1.73 (1.04-2.91)
HHV6 and EBV     
• HHV6 titer <1.1 and EBV titer 0-200 127 15 (25.4%) 112 (47.5%)  
• HHV6 titer 1.1-2.3 and EBV titer > =200 or HHV6 titer >2.3 and EBV titer 0-200 137 32 (54.2%) 105 (44.5%) 2.28 (1.1-4.7)
• HHV6 titer >2.3 and EBV titer > =200 31 12 (20.4%) 19 (8.0%) 3.28 (1.57-6.49)