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Table 1 Socio-demographic, health behaviour and psychosocial characteristics of bereaved and non-bereaved participants

From: Bereavement reduces neutrophil oxidative burst only in older adults: role of the HPA axis and immunesenescence

  Young Older
  Bereaved (N = 21) Non-bereaved (N = 20)   Bereaved (N = 26) Non-bereaved (N = 26)  
  N (%) / Mean (SD) p N (%) / Mean (SD) p
Age (years) 31.8 (9.03) 31.7 (8.41) .97 71.3 (5.79) 72.6 (5.72) .42
Gender (Female) 9 (43) 10 (50) .65 18 (69) 17 (65) .77
Ethnicity (Caucasian) 21 (100) 17 (85) .07 26 (100) 25 (96) .31
Occupational status (non-manual) 16 (76) 20 (100) .02 19 (76) 21 (81) .68
Taking medications 4 (19) 0 (0) .04 15 (60) 15 (58) .87
Alcohol intake (daily or more) 5 (25) 2 (10) .21 10 (38) 7 (27) .38
Smokers 5 (25) 4 (20) .71 2 (1) 3 (12) .64
Body Mass Index 24.3 (4.20) 23.0 (2.70) .27 26.2 (3.93) 25.5 (3.36) .52
Exercise score 7.8 (5.95) 9.6 (4.83) .30 5.5 (1.35) 8.0 (1.35) .21
Fruit and vegetable consumption score 9.8 (2.96) 8.9 (2.27) .28 9.3 (2.03) 9.9 (2.04) .27
Fat consumption score 10.6 (3.53) 11.3 (2.65) .49 10.6 (3.66) 10.0 (3.21) .56
HADS anxiety scorea 8.0 (4.63) 5.2 (3.08) .03 8.6 (4.90) 4.2 (2.95) <.001
HADS depression scorea 4.7 (3.15) 2.5 (2.50) .02 6.1 (5.54) 2.42 (2.32) .003
Social support score (MOS)a 73.8 (17.68) 80.4 (12.65 ) .18 70.4 (19.61) 80.2 (16.26) .06
Core bereavement items (CBI) 23.2 (10.93) - - 29.8 (13.28) - -
The Impact Event Scale (IES) 33.1 (15.52) - - 33.2 (15.6) - -
Death expected - yes 18 (86) - - 21 (84) - -
Bereavement type Spousal 2(10) - - 17 (65) - -
Close relative (parent) 8 (38) - - 3 (12) - -
Distant relative/friend 11 (52) - - 6 (23) - -
  1. apresents significant difference between bereaved and controls.