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Table 1 Sociodemographic, clinical and lifestyle characteristics of the study subjects

From: Gene and protein expression of CXCR4 in adult and elderly patients with chronic rhinitis, pharyngitis or sinusitis undergoing thermal water nasal inhalations

Characteristics N (%)
Total 183 (100%)
Gender
Men 72 (39.3%)
Women 111 (60.7%)
Age (years)
mean ± SD (range) 60.6 ± 15.2 (20–86)
1° quartile – median – 3° quartile 51–65-71
≤ 65. 86 (47.0%)
> 65 96 (52.5%)
Education
Elementary school 17 (9.3%)
Middle school 58 (31.9%)
High school 80 (44.0%)
University 27 (14.8%)
Job or condition (ISCO-08 codes [42])
Retired 93 (50.8%)
Housewive 22 (12.0%)
Clerical Support Workers (code 4) 15 (8.2%)
Services and Sales Workers (code 5) 15 (8.2%)
Professionals (code 2) 14 (7.7%)
  Craft and Related Trades Workers (code 7) 8 (4.4%)
Othersa 15 (8.2%)
Pathologyb
J30-J31.0 rhinitis 46 (25.1%)
J31.1-J31.2 faryngitis 53 (29.0%)
J32 sinusitis 93 (50.8%)
Two pathologies 10 (5.5%)
Allergy
No 130 (71.0%)
Respiratory 30 (16.4%)
Other allergic condition 23 (12.6%)
Current contact with inhalable substances (work or leisure)c
Never 154 (84.2%)
Sporadic/low 23 (12.6%)
Frequent/heavy 5 (2.7%)
Smoking habit
Never smokers 87 (47.5%)
Former smokers (1 year or more) 70 (38.2%)
Current smokers 25 (13.7%)
  Cigarette pack/years mean ± SD (range) 19.4 ± 20.3 (0.3–102)
Second-hand tobacco smoke (at home, at work) 13 (7.1%)
Body Mass Index kg/m2
mean ± SD (range) 25.3 ± 3.7 (17.6–40.4)
Underweight (< 18.5) 5 (2.8%)
Normal weight [18.5;25) 90 (50.0%)
Overweight [25;30) 68 (37.8%)
  Obese (≥30) 18 (10.0%)
Vitamin/antioxidants supplementation
Yes 42 (23.0%)
Fruits+Vegetables consumption
≤ 2 portions/day 25 (13.7%)
3–5 portions/day 80 (44.0%)
≥ 6 portions/day 77 (42.3%)
  1. Figures may not add up due to missing data
  2. SD standard deviation
  3. aTechnicians and Associate Professionals (code 3), Elementary Occupations (code. 9), Managers (code 1), Armed Forces Occupations (cod. 0), students and unemployed
  4. bFigures do not add up because 10 patients declared two pathologies simultaneously
  5. cSolvents and paints, motor-vehicle emissions, cement/plaster/asbestos/silica dust, other dusts, welding fumes, cleaning products