Skip to main content


Springer Nature is making Coronavirus research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Fig. 3 | Immunity & Ageing

Fig. 3

From: Elevated urine IL-10 concentrations associate with Escherichia coli persistence in older patients susceptible to recurrent urinary tract infections

Fig. 3

Cytokine concentrations of the 360 rUTI patient (black dots) and 45 control (red dots) urine samples. Mean values are shown for patients with rUTI (yellow line (see key)) and urine from controls (green line). The plot uses a log scale on the y-axis to capture all data points with samples showing undetectable levels of each cytokine in the bottom panel. Only IL-1β, IL-5, IL-8 and IL-10 exhibited significantly elevated levels in patients compared to control samples: * ANOVA P < 0.05

Back to article page