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Table 3 Drug use

From: Evidence of accelerated ageing in clinical drug addiction from immune, hepatic and metabolic biomarkers

PARAMETER ADDICTS MEDICAL
Dose & Duration   
Cigarette Numbers 16.08 (10.87) 4.36 (8.12)***
Cigarette Duration (Yrs) 13.83 (8.62) 3.77 (8.145)***
Alcohol Size (g/d) 8.65 (21.51) 1.77 (10.23)***
Alcohol Duration (Yrs) 2.97 (5.84) 0.96 (3.08)***
Cannabis Size (g/d) 2.71 (5.25) 0.34 (1.56)***
Cannabis Duration (Yrs) 7.27 (7.57) 0.81 (3.24)***
Heroin Size (g/d) 0.57 (1.01) 0.00***
Heroin Duration (Yrs) 8.97 (6.92) 0.00***
Morphine Size (g/d) 0.05 (0.20) 0.00***
Morphine Duration (Yrs) 1.19 (4.12) 0.00***
Methadone Max. Dose 27.53 (47.19) 0.00***
Methadone Duration (Yrs) 1.21 (3.05) 0.00***
Amphetamine Size (g/d) 0.55 (1.51) 0.02 (0.15)***
Amphetamine Duration (Yrs) 1.89 (4.29) 0.19 (1.31)***
Dose-Duration Products   
Cigarette Index (Cig-Yrs) 256.25 (217.70) 69.26 (164.68)****
Alcohol Index (g-Yrs) 73.49 (219.19) 21.89 (132.79)*
THC Index (g-Yrs) 28.99 (62.87) 3.31 (14.53)****
Heroin Index (g-Yrs) 5.92 (11.06) 0****
Morphine Index (g-Yrs) 0.39 (1.57) 0***
Methadone Index (mg-Yrs) 114.26 (373.82) 0****
Amphetamine Index (g-Yrs) 1.39 (10.17) 0.19 (1.31)****
  1. Data as Mean (± S.D.)
  2. * – P < 0.05
  3. *** – P < 0.001
  4. **** – P < 0.0001